Tuesday, October 12, 2010

The Highway Code - Using the road (Road junctions)

Take extra care at junctions. You should
watch out for cyclists, motorcyclists, powered wheelchairs/mobility scooters and pedestrians as they are not always easy to see. Be aware that they may not have seen or heard you if you are approaching from behind
watch out for pedestrians crossing a road into which you are turning. If they have started to cross they have priority, so give way
watch out for long vehicles which may be turning at a junction ahead; they may have to use the whole width of the road to make the turn (see Rule 221)
Highway Code - Alcohol And Drugs
watch out for horse riders who may take a different line on the
road from that which you would expect
not assume, when waiting at a junction, that a vehicle coming from
the right and signalling left will actually turn. Wait and make sure
look all around before emerging. Do not cross or join a road
until there is a gap large enough for you to do so safely

171) You MUST stop behind the line at a junction with a ‘Stop’ sign and a
solid white line across the road. Wait for a safe gap in the traffic before
you move off.
Laws RTA 1988 sect 36 & TSRGD regs 10 & 16
172) The approach to a junction may have a ‘Give Way’ sign or a triangle
marked on the road. You MUST give way to traffic on the main road
when emerging from a junction with broken white lines across the road.
Laws RTA 1988 sect 36 & TSRGD regs 10(1), 16(1) & 25
Dual carriageways. When crossing or turning right, first assess whether the central reservation is deep enough to protect the full length of your vehicle.
If it is, then you should treat each half of the carriageway as a separate road. Wait in the central reservation until there is a safe gap in the traffic on the second half of the road.
If the central reservation is too shallow for the length of your vehicle, wait until you can cross both carriageways in one go.
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Box junctions. These have criss-cross yellow lines painted on the road (see ‘Road markings’). You MUST NOT enter the box until your exit road or lane is clear. However, you may enter the box and wait when you want to turn right, and are only stopped from doing so by oncoming traffic, or by other vehicles waiting to turn right. At signalled roundabouts you MUST NOT enter the box unless you can cross over it completely without stopping. Law TSRGD regs 10(1) & 29(2)
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     Junctions controlled by traffic lights
175) You MUST stop behind the white ‘Stop’ line across your side of the
road unless the light is green. If the amber light appears you may go
on only if you have already crossed the stop line or are so close to it
that to stop might cause a collision. Laws RTA 1988 sect 36 & 
TSRGD regs 10 & 36
176) You MUST NOT move forward over the white line when the red light is
showing. Only go forward when the traffic lights are green if there is room
for you to clear the junction safely or you are taking up a position to turn
right. If the traffic lights are not working, treat the situation as you would
an unmarked junction and proceed with great care. Laws RTA 1988 
sect 36  & TSRGD regs 10 & 36
177) Green filter arrow. This indicates a filter lane only. Do not enter that
lane unless you want to go in the direction of the arrow. You may
proceed in the direction of the green arrow when it, or the full green
light shows. Give other traffic, especially cyclists, time and room to
move into the correct lane.
Advanced stop lines. Some signal-controlled junctions have advanced stop lines to allow cycles to be positioned ahead of other traffic. Motorists, including motorcyclists, MUST stop at the first white line reached if the lights are amber or red and should avoid blocking the way or encroaching on the marked area at other times, e.g. if the junction ahead is blocked. If your vehicle has proceeded over the first white line at the time that the signal goes red, you MUST stop at the second white line, even if your vehicle is in the marked area. Allow cyclists time and space to move off when the green signal shows. Laws RTA 1988 sect 36 & TSRGD regs 10 ,36(1) &  43(2)
Highway Code - Seat belts and child restraints

     Turning right
179) Well before you turn right you should
use your mirrors to make sure you know the position and
movement of traffic behind you
give a right-turn signal
take up a position just left of the middle of the road or in the
space marked for traffic turning right
leave room for other vehicles to pass on the left, if possible.
Wait until there is a safe gap between you and any oncoming vehicle. Watch out for cyclists, motorcyclists, pedestrians and other road users. Check your mirrors and blind spot again to make sure you are not being overtaken, then make the turn. Do not cut the corner. Take great care when turning into a main road; you will need to watch for traffic in both directions and wait for a safe gap.
Remember: Mirrors – Signal – Manoeuvre
Highway Code - Seat belts and child restraints
When turning right at crossroads where an oncoming vehicle is also turning right, there is a choice of two methods
turn right side to right side; keep the other vehicle on your right and turn behind it. This is generally the safer method as you have a clear view of any approaching traffic when completing your turn
left side to left side, turning in front of each other. This can block your view of oncoming vehicles, so take extra care. Cyclists and motorcyclists in particular may be hidden from your view. Road layout, markings or how the other vehicle is positioned can determine which course should be taken
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     Turning left
Use your mirrors and give a left-turn signal well before you turn left. Do not overtake just before you turn left and watch out for traffic coming up on your left before you make the turn, especially if driving a large vehicle. Cyclists, motorcyclists and other road users in particular may be hidden from your view.

For more information: Visit: http://www.theory-test.co.uk
Highway Code - Seat belts and child restraints
183) When turning
keep as close to the left as is safe and practicable
give way to any vehicles using a bus lane, cycle lane or
tramway from either direction.

Related posts :

The Highway Code Introduction
The Highway Code - Rules for pedestrians
The Highway Code - Rules for users of powered wheelchairs and mobility scooters
The Highway Code - Rules about animals
The Highway Code - Rules for cyclists
The Highway Code - Rules for Motorcyclists
The Highway Code - Rules for drivers and motorcyclists

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