Wednesday, September 8, 2010

The Highway Code - General rules, techniques and advice for all drivers and riders( General advice )

The Highway Code Introduction

The Highway Code - Rules for drivers and motorcyclists ( 89-102 )

144) You MUST NOT
drive dangerously
drive without due care and attention
drive without reasonable consideration for other road users.
Law RTA 1988 sects 2 & 3 as amended by RTA 1991
145) You MUST NOT drive on or over a pavement, footpath or bridleway
except to gain lawful access to property, or in the case of an emergency.
Laws HA 1835 sect 72 & RTA 1988 sect 34
146) Adapt your driving to the appropriate type and condition of road you are
on. In particular
do not treat speed limits as a target. It is often not appropriate or
to drive at the maximum speed limit
take the road and traffic conditions into account. Be prepared for
unexpected or difficult situations, for example, the road being
beyond a blind bend. Be prepared to adjust your speed as a
where there are junctions, be prepared for road users emerging
in side roads and country lanes look out for unmarked junctions
where nobody has priority
be prepared to stop at traffic control systems, road works,
pedestrian crossings or traffic lights as necessary
try to anticipate what pedestrians and cyclists might do. If
pedestrians, particularly children, are looking the other way,
they may step out into the road without seeing you.
147) Be considerate. Be careful of and considerate towards all types
of road users, especially those requiring extra care (see Rule 204).
You should
try to be understanding if other road users cause problems; they
may be inexperienced or not know the area well
be patient; remember that anyone can make a mistake
not allow yourself to become agitated or involved if someone is
behaving badly on the road. This will only make the situation worse.
Pull over, calm down and, when you feel relaxed, continue your
slow down and hold back if a road user pulls out into your path at a
junction. Allow them to get clear. Do not overreact by driving too
close behind to intimidate them.
not throw anything out of a vehicle, for example, cigarette ends,
cans, paper or carrier bags. This can endanger other road users,
particularly motorcyclists and cyclists.
148) Safe driving and riding needs concentration. Avoid distractions when
driving or riding such as
loud music (this may mask other sounds)
trying to read maps
inserting a cassette or CD or tuning a radio
arguing with your passengers or other road
eating and drinking
You MUST NOT smoke in public transport vehicles or in vehicles
used for work purposes in certain prescribed circumstances.
Separate regulations apply to England, Wales and Scotland.  
Laws TSf(EV) regs 2007, TSfP(W) regs 2007 & TPSCP(S) 
regs 2006 
Mobile phones and in-vehicle technology
149) You MUST exercise proper control of your vehicle at all times. You
MUST NOT use a hand-held mobile phone, or similar device, when
driving or when supervising a learner driver, except to call 999 or 112
in a genuine emergency when it is unsafe or impractical to stop.
Never use a hand-held microphone when driving. Using hands-free
equipment is also likely to distract your attention from the road. It is
far safer not to use any telephone while you are driving or riding – find
a safe place to stop first or use the voicemail facility and listen to
messages later.
Laws RTA 1988 sects 2 & 3 & CUR regs 104 & 110
150) There is a danger of driver distraction being caused by in-vehicle
systems such as satellite navigation systems, congestion warning
systems, PCs, multi-media, etc. You MUST exercise proper
control of your vehicle at all times. Do not rely on driver assistance
systems such as cruise control or lane departure warnings. They are
available to assist but you should not reduce your concentration
levels. Do not be distracted by maps or screen-based information
(such as navigation or vehicle management systems) while driving
or riding. If necessary find a safe place to stop.  
Laws RTA 1988 sects 2 & 3 & CUR reg 104
In slow-moving traffic. You should
reduce the distance between you and the vehicle ahead to maintain traffic flow
never get so close to the vehicle in front that you cannot stop safely
leave enough space to be able to manoeuvre if the vehicle in front breaks down or an emergency vehicle needs to get past
not change lanes to the left to overtake
allow access into and from side roads, as blocking these will add to congestion.
be aware of cyclists and motorcyclists who may be passing on either side.
Highway Code -  In slow-moving traffic

     Driving in built-up areas
Residential streets. You should drive slowly and carefully on streets
where there are likely to be pedestrians, cyclists and parked cars.
In some areas a 20 mph (32 km/h) maximum speed limit may be in
force. Look out for
vehicles emerging from junctions or driveways
vehicles moving off
car doors opening
children running out from between parked cars
cyclists and motorcyclists.
Traffic-calming measures. On some roads there are features such as road humps, chicanes and narrowings which are intended to slow you down. When you approach these features reduce your speed. Allow cyclists and motorcyclists room to pass through them. Maintain a reduced speed along the whole of the stretch of road within the calming measures. Give way to oncoming road users if directed to do so by signs. You should not overtake other moving road users while in these areas.
Highway Code - Traffic-calming measures

     Country roads
154) Take extra care on country roads and reduce your speed at
approaches to bends, which can be sharper than they appear,and
at junctions and turnings, which may be partially hidden. Be
prepared for pedestrians, horse riders, cyclists, slow-moving
farm vehicles or mud on the road surface. Make sure you can stop
within the distance you can see to be clear. You should also reduce
your speed where country roads enter villages.
155) Single-track roads. These are only wide enough for one vehicle.
They may have special passing places. If you see a vehicle coming
towards you, or the driver behind wants to overtake, pull into a
passing place on your left, or wait opposite a passing place on your
right. Give way to vehicles coming uphill whenever you can. If
necessary, reverse until you reach a passing place to let the other
vehicle pass. Slow down when passing pedestrians, cyclists and
horse riders.
156) Do not park in passing places.
Vehicles prohibited from using roads and pavements
157) Certain motorised vehicles do not meet the construction and technical
requirements for road vehicles and are generally not intended, not
suitable and not legal for road, pavement, footpath, cycle path or
bridleway use. These include most types of miniature motorcycles, also
called mini motos, and motorised scooters, also called go peds, which
are powered by electric or internal combustion engines. These types of
vehicle MUST NOT be used on roads, pavements, footpaths or
Laws RTA 1988 sects 34, 41a, 42, 47, 63 & 66, HA 1835, 
sect 72,& R(S)A sect 129
158) Certain models of motorcycles, motor tricycles and quadricycles,
also called quad bikes, are suitable only for off-road use and do not
meet legal standards for use on roads. Vehicles that do not meet
these standards MUST NOT be used on roads. They MUST NOT
be used on pavements, footpaths, cycle paths or bridleways either.
You MUST make sure that any motorcycle, motor tricycle,
quadricycle or any other motor vehicle meets legal standards and is
properly registered, taxed and insured before using it on the roads.
Even when registered, taxed and insured for the road, vehicles
MUST NOT be used on pavements. Laws RTA 1988 sects 34, 
41a, 42, 47, 63, 66 & 156, HA 1835, sect 72, R(S)A sect 
129, & VERA Ss 1, 29, 31A, & 43A

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