Wednesday, August 11, 2010

The Highway Code - General rules, techniques and advice for all drivers and riders( Control of the vehicle )

In normal circumstances. The safest way to brake is to do so early and 
lightly. Brake more firmly as you begin to stop. Ease the pressure 
off just before the vehicle comes to rest to avoid a jerky stop.
In an emergency,Brake immediately. Try to avoid braking so harshly 
that you lock your wheels. Locked wheels can lead to loss of control.
Skids. Skidding is usually caused by the driver braking, accelerating or steering too harshly or driving too fast for the road conditions. If skidding occurs, remove the cause by releasing the brake pedal fully or easing off the accelerator. Turn the steering wheel in the direction of the skid. For example, if the rear of the vehicle skids to the right, steer immediately to the right to recover.

Highway Code - Skids
ABS. If your vehicle is fitted with anti-lock brakes, you should follow the
advice given in the vehicle handbook. However, in the case of an 
emergency, apply the footbrake firmly; do not release the pressure until 
the vehicle has slowed to the desired speed. The ABS should ensure 
that steering control will be retained, but do not assume that a vehicle 
with ABS will stop in a shorter distance.
121) Brakes affected by water. If you have driven through deep water your
brakes may be less effective. Test them at the first safe opportunity by
pushing gently on the brake pedal to make sure that they work. If they
are not fully effective, gently apply light pressure while driving slowly.
This will help to dry them out.
122) Coasting. This term describes a vehicle travelling in neutral or with the
clutch pressed down. It can reduce driver control because
engine braking is eliminated
vehicle speed downhill will increase quickly
increased use of the footbrake can reduce its effectiveness
steering response will be affected, particularly on bends and corners
it may be more difficult to select the appropriate gear when needed.

123)The Driver and the Environment. You MUST NOT leave a parked
vehicle unattended with the engine running or leave a vehicle engine
running unnecessarily while that vehicle is stationary on a public road.
Generally, if the vehicle is stationary and is likely to remain so for more
than a couple of minutes, you should apply the parking brake and switch
off the engine to reduce emissions and noise pollution. However it is
permissible to leave the engine running if the vehicle is stationary in
traffic or for diagnosing faults.  Law CUR regs 98 & 107

             Speed limits
You MUST NOT exceed the maximum speed limits for the road and
for your vehicle (see the table above). The presence of street lights
generally means that there is a 30 mph (48 km/h) speed limit unless
otherwise specified. Law RTRA sects 81,86,89 & sch 6
The speed limit is the absolute maximum and does not mean it is safe
to drive at that speed irrespective of conditions. Driving at speeds
too fast for the road and traffic conditions is dangerous. You should
always reduce your speed when
the road layout or condition presents hazards, such as bends
sharing the road with pedestrians, cyclists and horse riders,
particularly children, and motorcyclists
weather conditions make it safer to do so
driving at night as it is more difficult to see other road users.
Stopping Distances. Drive at a speed that will allow you to stop well within the distance you can see to be clear. You should
leave enough space between you and the vehicle in front so that you can pull up safely if it suddenly slows down or stops. The safe rule is never to get closer than the overall stopping distance (see Typical Stopping Distances shown below)
allow at least a two-second gap between you and the vehicle in front on roads carrying faster-moving traffic and in tunnels where visibility is reduced. The gap should be at least doubled on wet roads and increased still further on icy roads
Highway Code - Stopping Distances
remember, large vehicles and motorcycles need a greater distance
to stop. If driving a large vehicle in a tunnel, you should allow a
four-second gap between you and the vehicle in front.
If you have to stop in a tunnel, leave at least a 5-metre gap between
you and the vehicle in front.

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